The Winchester Model 1894 was the first commercial repeating rifle built to be used with smokeless powder. The 1894 was originally chambered to fire 2 metallic black powder cartidges, the .32-40 Winchester and .38-55 Winchester. In 1895 Winchester went to a different steel composition for rifle manufacturing that could handle higher pressure rounds and offered the rifle in .25-35 Winchester and .30-30 Winchester. The .30-30 Winchester, or .30WCF (Winchester Centerfire), is the cartridge that has become synonymous with the Model 1894. Pictured above is my Winchester 1894 lever action carbine chambered for the .30WCF cartridge. She was manufactured in 1977 and is a top eject model. I've taken more whitetail with this carbine in the mountains and fields of Pennsylvania then with all my other hunting rifles combined...with just iron sights.